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不锈钢的发明和使用
[作者:aowl] [日期:19-04-12] [浏览次数:] [来源:]

不锈钢的发明和使用,要追溯到第一次世界大战时期。英国科学家亨利·布雷尔利受英国政府军部兵工厂委托,研究武器的改进工作。那时,士兵用的步枪枪膛极易磨损,布雷尔利想发明一种不易磨损的合金钢。
The invention and use of stainless steel dates back to the First World War. British scientist Henry Blairley was commissioned by the British Army Department's Arsenal to study the improvement of weapons. At that time, the rifle bore used by soldiers was very easy to wear and tear, and Bradley wanted to invent an alloy steel that was not easy to wear and tear.
布雷尔利发明的不锈钢于1916年取得英国专利权并开始大量生产,至此,从垃圾堆中偶然发现的不锈钢便风靡全球,亨利·布雷尔利也被誉为“不锈钢之父”。第一次世界大战时,英国在战场上的枪支,总是因枪膛磨损不能使用而运回后方。军工生产部门命令布雷尔利研制高强度耐磨合金钢,专门研究解决枪膛的磨损问题。布雷尔利和其助手搜集了国内外生产的各种型号的钢材,各种不同性质的合金钢,在各种不同性质的机械上进行性能实验,然后选择出较为适用的钢材制成枪枝。一天,他们实验了一种含大量铬的国产合金钢,经耐磨实验后,查明这种合金并不耐磨,说明这不能制造枪支,于是,他们记录下实验结果,往墙角一扔了事。几个月后的一天,一位助手拿着一块锃光瓦亮的钢材兴冲冲跑来对布雷尔利说:“先生,这是我在清理仓库时发现的毛拉先生送来的合金钢,您是否实验一下,看它到底有什么特殊作用!”“好!”布雷尔利看着光亮耀眼的钢材,高兴地说。
The stainless steel invented by Bradley was patented in Britain in 1916 and began mass production. Since then, stainless steel discovered by chance from garbage dumps has become popular all over the world. Henry Bradley is also known as the "father of stainless steel". During World War I, British guns on the battlefield were always brought back to the rear because their bores were worn out and unusable. The military production department ordered Bradley to develop high strength wear-resistant alloy steel, specializing in solving the wear problem of gun bore. Bradley and his assistants collected various types of steel and alloy steels produced at home and abroad, and carried out performance experiments on various mechanical properties. Then, they selected suitable steels to make guns. One day, they experimented with a domestic alloy steel containing a large amount of chromium. After wear-resistant experiments, they found that the alloy was not wear-resistant, indicating that it could not make guns. So they recorded the experimental results and threw things into the corner. A few months later, an assistant rushed to Bradley with a shiny piece of steel and said, "Sir, this is the alloy steel that Mr. Mullah sent me when I was cleaning the warehouse. Would you like to experiment and see if it has any special function?" "Good!" Bradley looked at the shiny steel and said happily.
实验结果证明:它是一块不怕酸•●、碱•●、盐的不锈钢。这种不锈钢是德国的毛拉在1912年发明的,然而,毛拉却并不知道这种不锈钢有什么用途。
The experimental results show that it is a stainless steel fearless of acid, alkali and salt. The stainless steel was invented by the German Mullah in 1912. However, the Mullah did not know what the purpose of the stainless steel was.
布雷尔利心里盘算道:“这种不耐磨却耐腐蚀的钢材,不能制枪枝,是否可以做餐具呢?”他说干就干,动手制作了不锈钢的水果刀•●、叉•●、勺•●、果盘及折叠刀等。
Bradley thought to himself, "This kind of steel, which is not wearable but corrosion-resistant, can't make guns. Can it be used as tableware?" He said that he could do it, and made stainless steel fruit knives, forks, spoons, fruit plates and folding knives.

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